The city of Tovuz is located 439 km from Baku. In 1947, the district received the status of a city. According to ancient Turkic written sources, the name of the city of Tovuz is derived from the names of Oghuz and Toguz Turkic-speaking tribes. During the tsarist period, a German colony was founded here. At that time, the name of the city was Traubenfeld (German for “vineyard”). The rivers flowing through the region take their source from the north-eastern slope of the Lesser Caucasus and join the Kura River from the right. Tovuz, Akhinja, Zayam and Asrik rivers flow through the region. The Kura River flows through the northern part of the region. This river separates the lowlands of Jeyranchol from the Ganja-Gazakh plain. The rivers flowing through the territory of the region originate from the high and medium mountain ranges on the north-eastern slope of the Lesser Caucasus and are considered to be the largest rivers of the region and are widely used in agriculture.
One of the most beautiful rivers of Tovuz is Zayamchay. Zayamchay is formed from the confluence of the Shakarbay and Cetindara rivers. The upper reaches of the Zayam River are located on the northern slope of the Shahdag Range. Source 2020 m. located at an altitude of. Its length is 90 km, the area of the basin is 942 km2, and the water consumption is 6.3 m³ / sec. In the upper reaches, the river is interspersed with tributaries such as Bacanka (25 km long), Cetinder (24 km long), Kichik Garamurad (11 km long), and Kilisalisu (14 km long), Babachay (26 km long) on the right. The flow is formed by groundwater, rain and snow. Large floods occur during snowmelt. Most flows occur in spring and summer. Zayamchay Kura transports an average of 22,000 tons a year. The source of the river has a large annual rainfall and abundant springs. The river flows through deep and narrow ravines in the upper part. The fall of the riverbed varies between 100-120 m / km, depending on the shape of the mountain relief in the middle reaches, these rivers flow through relatively wide ravines and the slope of the bed decreases to 10-30 m / km, the river valley widens and is accompanied by terraces. Downstream, it crosses the Ganja-Gazakh plain and joins the Kura. In this part, the river flows through ravines with box terraces. Zayamchay even plays the role of a border between Shamkir and Tovuz regions.
Avdal village is one of the most beautiful villages of Zayamchay. Avdal is a village in the Tovuz district of the Republic of Azerbaijan. On March 7, 2012, Ahmadabad, Avdal and Gochdere villages were separated from Yanigli village administrative district, and Ahmedabad village administrative district with central Ahmadabad village was established and included in the State Register of Territorial Units of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
The village is located at the foot of the Chingildag range in the Yanigli administrative-territorial unit of Tovuz region. Oykonim is associated with the name of the Abdal tribe. The names of the Abdali (heftal / heptal / eftal), who are believed to have lived in Caucasian Albania before the Common Era, can also be found in Kazakh, Karakalpak, Turkmen and Turkish toponymy.